CDC: Hurricane Isaac and West Nile Virus

CDC Telebriefing on West Nile Virus Update

Wednesday, August 29 at Noon ET

I have taken the following excerpts from the press briefing transcript as they speak to Isaac and potential for increasing cases of West Nile Virus –  the bottom line is no dramatic increase is anticipated and  Lyle Petersen explains why they do not expect Isaac to contribute to the number of cases of WNV.

LYLE PETERSEN: And now I’d like to say a few words about Hurricane Isaac and the question of how it might affect the spread of West Nile virus. Previous experience has shown that floods and hurricanes do not typically result in increased transmission of West Nile virus. Thus, we expect Hurricane Isaac will likely have no noticeable effect on the current West Nile epidemic. Nevertheless, small increases in the numbers of West Nile cases were noted in some areas of Louisiana after Hurricane Katrina. These were thought to be due to increased outdoor exposure that occurred when houses were severely damaged and during recovery efforts. CDC has reached out to health departments in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Tennessee to alert them of the situation and offer assistance. In light of the ongoing risk for West Nile virus infection, it’s important for people to protect themselves from mosquito bites.

We encourage everyone to use insect repellent when you go outdoors, wear long sleeves and pants. Use air conditioning if possible. Empty stands water from items outside your home, such as gutters, kiddie pools and birdbaths. In response to this year’s outbreak, CDC works closely with state and local health departments particularly in areas hardest hit by the epidemic. As I noted earlier, nearly half of this year’s West Nile virus cases have occurred in Texas. A majority of the cases there have been in the Dallas area. CDC has had the privilege of working with the Texas department of state health services in Dallas County and other county departments to help protect people from the West Nile virus. They’ve done a great job. Dr. Lakey is going to give an update about the situation in Texas. Dr. Lakey?

ELIZABETH WEISS: Thank you so much for taking my call. I had a question about the point that was made earlier, looking at the hurricane, you said that there had historically been an uptick, is that right after? You assume because there was so much standing water, the services that might have gone to mosquito abatement may have been used elsewhere, an uptick later do you mean never or later?

LYLE PETERSEN: What has been observed in the past, we have had a lot of experience with vector-borne diseases and hurricanes and floods? What has been observed in the past that these don’t really have a big impact on overall incident of disease. The reason is, because, it’s because, these hurricanes and flood events tend to disrupt the entire ecology of the area and interrupt this natural transmission cycle between birds and mosquitoes. The virus normally exists in. And so, the end result is, really hurricanes and floods don’t have a major impact on our virus transmission. But, naturally, before the hurricane happened, there were plenty of West Nile virus infected mosquitoes out there in the environment. And so, what happens — what was observed in Louisiana, was, after Katrina, was that, people who were out, houses were destroyed. They were living out in the elements; there were a lot of workers out there and homeowners taking care of downed trees and the like. Outdoors and exposed to the West Nile virus-infected mosquitos already there. In some areas, where it was looked at, there was a small transient increase in West Nile virus transmission following hurricane Katrina, but if you look at the overall picture the hurricane really is not expected to have a major impact at all on what’s happening across the country.

 

 

Kim

E. Kim Cassel, Ph.D.

Hurricane Prep Week, Next 48 Dashboard and Other Resources

On May 24, the National Weather Service issued its 2012 Hurricane Season Outlook. The season officially begins June 1, so this week is Hurricane Preparedness Week. You don’t have to live on the beach to feel the impact of some hazards associated with hurricanes.

High winds, heavy rainfall, inland flooding and tornadoes can affect communities well inland from landfall. In 2008,  Hurricane Ike  made U.S. landfall in Galveston, TX and tracked inland, causing damage in several states before dumping record amounts of rain in Ontario and Quebec, Canada. The remnants combined with a cold front crossing the Ohio Valley and resulted in extremely strong surface winds. Hurricane-force winds were reported in Kentucky, Indiana, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. In 2004, Hurricane Ivan caused an outbreak of 117 tornadoes, including 37 in Virginia, 25 in Georgia, 18 in Florida, 9 Pennsylvania, 8 in Alabama, 7 in South Carolina, 4 in both Maryland and North Carolina, 3 in West Virginia and 2 in Maryland. Several hurricanes in the past 30 years have resulted in inland flooding and deaths due to flooding.

The 2012 outlook says we’ll see a near-normal season. The seasonal average is 12 named storms, six hurricanes, and three major hurricanes. Tom Priddy, Extension Agricultural Meteorologist for University of Kentucky has created a weather dashboard that will help us keep informed during this season and throughout the year. Even if you think your state will not suffer the ill effects of a hurricane, the Next 48 Dashboard is something you can use.

He will demonstrate the weather dashboard via Adobe Connect June 5 at 11:30 a.m. Eastern. To join, go to  https://gomeet.itap.purdue.edu/eden2012/

Learn what resources are available from EDEN and what delegates have done in the past to help communities prepare and recover from hurricanes by visiting the Hurricane Topic Page.

Are you ready for hurricane season?