CDC: Hurricane Isaac and West Nile Virus

CDC Telebriefing on West Nile Virus Update

Wednesday, August 29 at Noon ET

I have taken the following excerpts from the press briefing transcript as they speak to Isaac and potential for increasing cases of West Nile Virus –  the bottom line is no dramatic increase is anticipated and  Lyle Petersen explains why they do not expect Isaac to contribute to the number of cases of WNV.

LYLE PETERSEN: And now I’d like to say a few words about Hurricane Isaac and the question of how it might affect the spread of West Nile virus. Previous experience has shown that floods and hurricanes do not typically result in increased transmission of West Nile virus. Thus, we expect Hurricane Isaac will likely have no noticeable effect on the current West Nile epidemic. Nevertheless, small increases in the numbers of West Nile cases were noted in some areas of Louisiana after Hurricane Katrina. These were thought to be due to increased outdoor exposure that occurred when houses were severely damaged and during recovery efforts. CDC has reached out to health departments in Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Tennessee to alert them of the situation and offer assistance. In light of the ongoing risk for West Nile virus infection, it’s important for people to protect themselves from mosquito bites.

We encourage everyone to use insect repellent when you go outdoors, wear long sleeves and pants. Use air conditioning if possible. Empty stands water from items outside your home, such as gutters, kiddie pools and birdbaths. In response to this year’s outbreak, CDC works closely with state and local health departments particularly in areas hardest hit by the epidemic. As I noted earlier, nearly half of this year’s West Nile virus cases have occurred in Texas. A majority of the cases there have been in the Dallas area. CDC has had the privilege of working with the Texas department of state health services in Dallas County and other county departments to help protect people from the West Nile virus. They’ve done a great job. Dr. Lakey is going to give an update about the situation in Texas. Dr. Lakey?

ELIZABETH WEISS: Thank you so much for taking my call. I had a question about the point that was made earlier, looking at the hurricane, you said that there had historically been an uptick, is that right after? You assume because there was so much standing water, the services that might have gone to mosquito abatement may have been used elsewhere, an uptick later do you mean never or later?

LYLE PETERSEN: What has been observed in the past, we have had a lot of experience with vector-borne diseases and hurricanes and floods? What has been observed in the past that these don’t really have a big impact on overall incident of disease. The reason is, because, it’s because, these hurricanes and flood events tend to disrupt the entire ecology of the area and interrupt this natural transmission cycle between birds and mosquitoes. The virus normally exists in. And so, the end result is, really hurricanes and floods don’t have a major impact on our virus transmission. But, naturally, before the hurricane happened, there were plenty of West Nile virus infected mosquitoes out there in the environment. And so, what happens — what was observed in Louisiana, was, after Katrina, was that, people who were out, houses were destroyed. They were living out in the elements; there were a lot of workers out there and homeowners taking care of downed trees and the like. Outdoors and exposed to the West Nile virus-infected mosquitos already there. In some areas, where it was looked at, there was a small transient increase in West Nile virus transmission following hurricane Katrina, but if you look at the overall picture the hurricane really is not expected to have a major impact at all on what’s happening across the country.

 

 

Kim

E. Kim Cassel, Ph.D.

Water, Interrupted?

Immediate past chair Dave Filson, chair elect Rick Atterberry and EDEN Homeland Security project director Steve Cain attended an EPA meeting in Chicago. They had active roles as facilitators. 

Are municipalities, food processors, medical centers and other high volume water users prepared in the event of an interruption?  That’s the question the Chicago office of the Environmental Protection Agency is helping answer.

On November 17 representatives of those entities came together to hear presentations from the USEPA, Chicago Department of Water Management, Metropolitan Water Reclamation District, Department of Homeland Security, Midwest Food Processors Association and Industry sources discuss the need for additional planning to address both interruption in delivery and water quality issues.

Attendees participated in small group discussions in the afternoon which were facilitated by EDEN representatives Dave Filson from Penn State, Steve Cain from Purdue and Rick Atterberry from the University of Illinois.  EDEN’s involvement in the event was organized by Dave Filson.

It is anticipated that additional sessions may be held building on the discussions at this first event.  For most attendees, water is a sole source commodity the supply of which they have little control.  All of the water for the City of Chicago, many suburbs and the large users located in the communities comes from Lake Michigan through two giant treatment facilities along the lakeshore, including one right on the downtown lakefront.  Because the water is drawn from the lake on a continuing basis, there is not a lot of storage of treated water built into the system which is one of several vulnerabilities discussed by participants.

Conference organizers were grateful that EDEN representatives acted as independent facilitators.

EDEN involvement with EPA was the direct result of EPA involvement in the EDEN Regional Food Protection Conference in Pennsylvania.  From that connection, the Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) and EPA have both requested continued involvement from EDEN professionals with their agencies including training, planning and conferences.   

Regards, Virginia Morgan, EDEN Chair